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Martin Luther King Jr. (Small Biography)

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martin luther king jr.

Introduction

Martin Luther King Jr. was born with the name of Michael King Jr. on 15 January. He was an American politician & activist. Martin Luther King Jr. was well known for his involvement in the US Civil Rights Movement. He believed in non-violence and was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi. 

Early Life

Martin Luther King Jr. was born Micheal King Jr. on January 15, 1929, in Georgia, United States of America. When he was young, he had a friend who was white. But, to their skin colour, both the young lads had to attend different schools. After a while, the white boy stopped meeting King Jr. stating that “we are white & you are coloured.” This hurt King Jr. and the boy went back to his parents for clarification.

 

When King’s parents got to know about the happening, they had a long discussion on slavery & racism in America. When King got to know about the hatred, violence, and oppression he started hating white people. But, his parents, being good Christians, advised him not to. As their duty was to love all human beings.

 

In High School, King was well known for his public speaking skills. He chose English & Sociology as his main subjects while at school. 

Education & Profession

In 1951, King began doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University. He also attended philosophy classes at Harvard University as an audit student in 1952 and ‘53. He received his Ph.D. degree on June 5, 1955. By then he was appointed as a pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. He was 24 when he was appointed as the pastor. 

While working he met with Coretta Scott, a student of New England Conservatory of Music, and married her. He married on June 18, 1953 in his hometown.

A Life of Activism

In March 1955, Claudwttw Colvin, a fifteen year old black schoolgirl in Montgomery, stood up against racial segregation. But, this incident involved a minor, and so the incident was let go. But, nine months later, a similar incident occurred with another black woman named Rosa Parks. She was arrested because of not giving up. King initiated a movement known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which lasted 385 days. In this time period, his house was bombed, he was arrested and in the end the United States of America changed the law and racial segregation became illegal.

Awards & Recognitions

King Jr, had at least 50 honorary degrees from universities & colleges. At the time he was the youngest to win the Nobel Peace Prize, which was awarded to him for leading nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in the USA.

Lohri: The Harvest Festival

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Lohri

Introduction

Lohri is celebrated in North India, especially in Punjab. It is celebrated on 13 January which is one day before Makar Sankranti. Lohri also relates to the festivities celebrated in the harvesting of farmers. It is celebrated in Punjab as the harvesting season and the end of the winter season.

This festival is celebrated in different states of India. Except for Punjab, this festival is celebrated in Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu Kashmir, and Delhi. Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 14 January, and the next day, Pongal is celebrated by Tamil Hindus.

Thus, it is celebrated in various forms in India.

One day before the eve of Makar Sankranti, Lohri is celebrated with great fanfare in Punjab, Haryana, and neighboring states. Lohri holds special significance for the Punjabi people.

A few days before Lohri, young children start collecting wood, nuts, peanuts, gajjak, and til rewari for the eve of Lohri.

A fire is lighted on the eve of Lohri in the evening.

People circle the fire and dance & sing there. People around the fire are offered with peanuts, til rewari, maize seeds, etc. Sitting around the fire, people enjoy eating rewari, maize seeds, gajjak, etc.

And the house where a person is newly married or has a child is specially greeted. First, Lohri of a new bride or the child is very special in the house or for the family.

Lohri was earlier known as Tilodi.

The word “Tilodi” is derived from the combination of two words sesame and road (jaggery), which changed over time and became famous as Lohri.

History of Lohri

Farmers of Punjab see Lohri as a financial day. During this time, the farmer brothers pray and thank God for the harvest before harvesting. This festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Punjab, a day for the farmers to thank their lord and master.

Lohri night is considered to be the longest night of the year, according to the Hindu calendar.

This festival is celebrated on January 13, which falls in Paush or Magha according to the Hindu calendar.

Why Is It Celebrated?

The folklore “Sunder Mundriye” is the tale of a man called Dulla Bhatti. Once upon a time, there were two orphan girls named Sundari and Mundari. Their uncle wanted to sell them to market as a slave.

At the same time, there was a famous bandit named Dulla Bhatti.

He freed both the girls, Sundari and Mundari from there and arranged their marriage with two boys of the village. And he gave them dowry from the stolen money.

Dulla Bhatti helped the girls, and after convincing the boys to burn a fire in a forest, Sundari and Mundri got married.

Dulla himself bestowed both of them. It is said that the groom gave him sugar as an omen.

Some people also believe that Lohri is celebrated in the memory of Saint Kabir’s wife, Loi. And the word Lohri is also originated from the name Loi. And it is also said that Lohri and Holika are both sisters.

Srinivasa Ramanujan: The Man Who Knew Infinity

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The man who knew infinity
Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the world’s greatest mathematicians, and he is known for his great work done in his field. He made many of his theories very popular in the world. This is why his principles are still used in many countries.

Early Life

He was born on December 22, 1887, in Erode, Tamil Nadu. Also, he is known for many contributions made in the theory of numbers. It is very startling for many people, but in the beginning, Ramanujan never studied mathematics. He studied mathematics and became its expert in the latter part of his education.

Srinivasa Ramanujan studied some books written by international mathematicians, and after a few years, he made many of his theories on mathematics.

Ramanujan was very poor, and he did various research only under bad circumstances, but later he was supported by Ram Chandra Rao and his clerical job, due to which he was able to learn more and invent many new studies on mathematics.

Adulthood

In 1914, he won a scholarship to England and studied hard under Godfrey. He worked hard and also invented various other theories. Ramanujan surprised every teacher with the knowledge of mathematics. Also, he never knew the modern techniques of mathematics. But, at that time he still performed better than many professors and researchers.

He invented many theories, and the most famous ones are followed: Ramanujan continuously, Mok Live work, Ramanujan estimation, Ramanujan Pradhan, Ramanujan Live ceremony, Ramanujan’s zodiac, Ramanujan’s set series, etc. He also won the companionship of the royal society.

He worked for a very short period because he was only 32 years old, but his teachings are still alive in many people’s minds and textbooks. So, this country was about Srinivasa Ramanujan, the country’s best mathematician.

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Reading Habits in Kids (Cultivate the habit)

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Cultivating reading habits in kids has become really important these days. With the growing technology, parents are in a confusion of what to do.

Here are a few key points to help you with it.

Daily Reading Time

Allotting a specific time for reading can take the effort a long way.  This, in turn, develops a habit of reading in the children. After some time the kids will do it on their own. But, at the start, you have to sit with them. This will help a lot to get reading habits in kids.

Create a Reading Space

A proper place for reading is really worth it. This will help the child to concentrate on the book. Helping them to understand the subject in more depth. Although a quiet room with some books & a study table will help.

Reading to Children

At the start, children will not be attentive in reading. So, you have to read some books with them. Let them feel & enjoy the writer’s thoughts. This will help a lot in cultivating reading habits in kids.

Trips to Libraries

Sitting & reading at a library is a beautiful experience. Kids should get to feel that. So take them to libraries. Let them sit down and read something. With them, you can read something too.

Reading Freedom

The children should be able to read whatever they feel like. It’s a big no-no to tell them what to read. This in turn will discourage them from reading. So, it’s a must to develop good reading habits in children.

Make the kids relate

Now reading a lot & not relating to any of it won’t help. Make the children relate to the writer’s thoughts. Show them the thoughts in day to day life. This will make them interested in reading more & living it.

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Importance of Education (How to Teach Children)

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Teaching the importance of education to the children is really necessary. They should realize the importance of education. We can do that in many ways, the following being the important ones.

Practicals

Practicals are an important part of life. A practical session of any subject can make the importance of the subject clear. So, ask them to use their education in solving day to day problems. Like you can ask them to help you out in calculations, teaching them the importance of mathematics. Similarly, doing small experiments in houses can trigger their interest in science. Also, asking them quizzes on different topics can be of help.

Reading

Reading is a way to gain information from throughout the world. There are millions of books with billions of ideas in them. One can ask children to inculcate the habit of reading. This, in turn, will increase their concentration and understand of the knowledge given in the books. Only asking the child to read something won’t help. We have to first start reading for them then slowly transition them to reading themselves.

Writing

Writing is a way of expression. Children should be practicing it more often. Teach them calligraphy to generate their interest. Once they are interested in the topic ask them to write their thoughts, poems, essays, etc. This will help them process their thoughts better and express it in words.

Travel Better

We can be entertained in malls, theatres, cafes, etc. But, ideally, they are not the best places for the child to visit. Instead of that, you could plan to take the child out for trips to science parks, museums, planetarium, etc., that will generate their interest in their studies.

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The Iron Man of India: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

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Young Age

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born on 31 October 1875 in a small village of Gujarat. As Patel’s father was a farmer by profession, Patel grew up in a simple environment devoid of luxuries. He helped his father in the fields and studied at the NK High School, Petlad. Throughout school, he was a very wise and intelligent student. In spite of poor financial conditions, his । father wanted to send him to college but Vallabhbhai refused. For about three years he stayed at home, worked hard, and prepared for the District Leader’s examination, hence passing with a very good percentage.

Adult Life

Patel hated to work for anyone, especially the Britishers. He was a person of independent nature. Soon he started his own practice of law in a place Called Godhara which flourished in no time. He saved money and made financial arrangement for the entire family, After gaining self-sufficiency and financial, Patel his Childhood pride with him to start his married life. In 1904, he got a baby daughter Manibel, and in 1905, his son Dahya was born.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel sent his elder brother to England for higher studies in law. In 1908. Vitthal Bhai (Patel’s elder brother’) returned as a barrister and started practicing in Bombay. In 1909, Patel’s wife become Seriously. ill and was taken to Bombay for treatment. Vallabh Bhai had to go for the hearing of an urgent case and his wife died. He was stunned. He admitted his children to St Mary’s School Bombay and left for England. He became a barrister and returned to India in 1913.

Freedom Fighter Life

Around 1915, he came across Mahatma Gandhi when the Swadeshi Movement was at its peak. Gandhiji gave a lecture at a place in Ahmedabad where Patel heard him and was very impressed and started actively participating in the freedom movement. The British government’s atrocities increased. The government declared to confiscate all the lands of farmers. It was Patel who forced the British Government to amend the rules. He brought together the farmers and encouraged them to fight the move of the British and hence acquired the title of ‘Sardar’.

The British Government considered him a threat and his lectures were considered anti-government and he was imprisoned several times. In 1942, he took part in the Quit India Movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi and was arrested along with other leaders.

At the time of Independence & After

At the time of independence, when India was to be divided into two nations, it was Sardar Patel who successfully obtained accession from the ‘Nawabs’ of Hyderabad and Junagadh respectively, who wanted to join Pakistan. Hence, Patel played an instrumental role in integrating present-day India using frank diplomacy and military action,

As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organized relief for refugees in Punjab and Delhi, and led efforts to restore peace across the nation, Hailed as the Iron Man of  India, he is also remembered as the ‘Patron Saint’ of India’s civil servants for establishing modern all-India services. Patel was also one of the earliest proponents of property rights and free in India.

 Vallabhbhai Patel’s leadership enabled the accession of almost every princely state. Sardar Patel vehemently Opposed Nehru move Of taking Kashmir issue to the United Nations and advised him against it. patel’s health began declining rapidly in 1950’s when personalised medical staff was arranged to attend to him daily. His daughter, Maniben , in response to his worsening medical conditions, restricted his official meetings and engagements.

The Last Days

After suffering a massive heart attack, Sardar Patel left the world on 15 December 1950 at Birla House in Bombay. In an unprecedented and unrepeated gesture, on the day after his death, more than 1500 officers of India’s civil and police services congregated to mourn at Patel’s residence in Delhi and pledged complete loyalty and unremitting zeal in India’s service.

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Empathetic Education: Integral Part of the Top School in Western Odisha

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Empathy is a way of connecting with other people that shows you understand that they’re experiencing something meaningful. Even though you may not understand exactly how it feels for them. In other words, empathy is about finding a way to connect and to be able to say, “I want to understand how this feels to you and let you know that you’re not alone.” Being the top school in western Odisha, we suggest practicing this at your homes too.

Think about yourself at first

It is very difficult to connect with others if you are not very aware of your own behavior. While teacher training is extremely helpful, you may not be aware of some of your own approaches in how you manage your class once you settle in a routine. For example, it is worth noting what triggers certain emotions at work, such as frustration or even anger. Then, it is also useful to recognize feelings of self-doubt, your reactions to stress, and even whether you are going through burnout. Usually, when we do not address these problems, they end up piling up and they might affect our ability to interact with others. Asking for help from peers or a supervisor is a good strategy that will help teachers cope better in the long run.

Let them see you as you

Let yourself be seen. This is way easier said than done. However, in sharing our shortcomings as well as our successes, we are being more authentic. An educator that holds back cannot demand full openness from their students. You can admit when you are not having the best day, or when you got a fact wrong. You can be open about that one time you struggled with a concept in school, or got a bad grade. Students do not need to see perfection, they need someone they can relate to and someone that they can trust.

Show students how to be more empathetic

Many teachers choose their profession after being inspired by an educator themselves — someone that has had a great impact on their life. For example, I will never forget my Math teacher, who had a tough-love approach to teaching, but made time after her normal teaching schedule to tutor students who were struggling, because “everyone deserves a second, third, and fourth chance”. Students will tend to look up to teachers that show more empathy towards them and in turn, show more kindness towards one another and emulate positive behaviors.

Separate behavior from the student

This is nothing innovative, yet we tend to fall into the trap of identifying students according to some behaviors that they exhibit in class. There is a good student and a problem student. The problem with labels (aside from the fact that they belong on jars, not on students) is that students will internalize and identify with the said label. This can in turn become a self-fulfilling prophecy, not to mention that it will also alter your own perceptions and expectations of your students. Other negative aspects are lower confidence in themselves and lower confidence in their academic skills. Instead, one of the building blocks of a good relationship with students is separating what they do vs. who they are as a person.

We at the top school in western Odisha encourage our teachers to be empathetic to the students.

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Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

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Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar is an Indian Hindi Poet, Essayist & Patriot. He is also known as the poet of the rebellion. We at Aparnaa World School, the best CBSE school in Jharsuguda, thought to shed some light on the epic poet.

Childhood

The poet was born on 23 September 1908 in a small village named Simaria in Bihar, India. He was born to a very poor family & had to do petty works to survive his childhood. Also, he was a good student with interests in history, politics & philosophy. His interest in language grew when he joined college. He studied Hindi, Sanskrit, Maithili, Bengali, Urdu, etc.

His Life

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, after his college days, joined the Indian Independence Movement. There he followed poets like Rabindranath Tagore & has many mentions in his writing. His poems & essays have inspired many Indians. Some of his creations are also mentioned in our CBSE books.

After Independence, the poet & politician served the country. He was elected 03 times as a member of the prestigious Rajya Sabha of the Indian Parliament. Also, he is awarded one of the prestigious awards i.e. Padma Bhushan in 1959.

Achievements

  1. Poet: A well known Hindi poet. Wrote many poems especially for the freedom movement of India.
  2. Multiliguistic: He had a knowledge of many languages like Hindi, Sanskrit, Maithili, Urdu, Bengali, etc.
  3. Freedom Fighter: He motivated many Indians with his creations & together made the country free.
  4. Politician: After India’s independence, he still served the country by being elected in the Rajya Sabha, 03 times.
  5. Essayist: Has many creations to his name. Some of them find mentions in the Indian CBSE Books.
  6. Padma Bhushan Awardee: He was awarded the prestigious Padma Bhushan award for his services to the country.

At Aparnaa World School, the best CBSE school in Jharsuguda, we would like to make the children learn more than what’s in their books.

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Education Policy 2020

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The Education Policy 2020

National Education Policy 2020 emphasizes on the development of the creative potential of a student. We at Aparnaa World School thought to write about it. It will help the students & parents understand what is the new education policy. Furthermore, it will also help them understand how it is going to benefit them.

As we said that the new education policy is aimed at the creative & holistic development of a student. But, how is it going to be done? Let’s discuss the principles and find out.

Recognising the Student’s Talent

The first & foremost thing to understand is every child is different. Also, each one is special in its own way. So, the policy is designed in such a way that if the child is good at art then he will be trained to become an artist. Similarly, if the student is interested in mathematics, then he/she will be trained to be a mathematician.

Focus on Student’s Talent

Our traditional education system doesn’t focus on talent. Talent is to be honed apart from the education they get in average schools. But, now the talent will be the center of the student’s education. Everything the student does or studies will directly or indirectly work on the talent possessed by him/her.

Flexibility to Choose

Our traditional education system was not at all flexible according to the students. But, now this thing has changed. The subjects, streams & other variables will be tailor-made keeping the personality of the student in mind. It helps with the fostering of the child’s unique capabilities.

No Hard Separations between Streams

Sometimes some talents require a combination of different streams. For example, a photographer needs to understand colour as well as optics. Understanding colours is a part of the arts stream whereas optics is a part of science. So, there will be no hard separation between the streams. It aids in the enhancement of the student’s talent.

Emphasis on Conceptual Learning

The emphasis will always be on conceptual understanding. Like a digital artist will not only get to know different colours, but he/she will understand how the colours affect human perception. So, conceptual learning will help the student to be the best in his field.

At Aparnaa World School, the best residential school of Western Odisha, we understand the benefits of the new education policy & it will really benefit the children a lot.

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Spirituality & Education

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Our state of being (another way of saying our health) drives all our behaviors, decisions, and relationships. We at the best boarding school thought to shed some light on this topic.

What does “Spiritual” mean?

Definitions of spirituality are many and varied. Its often related to any religion or faith, but the truth is, its related to self. It’s exclusive. It recognizes the interrelatedness of all beings.

Spiritualism and Students

To reach deep inside students, where true learning takes place, the teachers must teach from the self. Students always know when teachers are not. The moment classroom interactions become less authentic, both teachers and students are merely going through the motion of education. Spirituality in Education refers to no-more and no-less than a deep connection between the student, teacher, and subject- a relation so honest, vital, and vibrant that it cannot be less worthy of anything. This kind of nourishment allows the relationship to flourish through all places, be it in the field of politics, medicine, engineering- wherever the students go.

Spirituality as Wholeness

Holistic education is nothing more, or less than making room in the classroom for all relationships, and all layers of relations to the subject. The task of the educator is to lead students to discern this wholeness.

Swami Vivekananda on Spiritualism

The monk who reinstated India as a powerhouse in the Chicago Conference on this very day 126 years ago, Swami Vivekananda always believed in the concept of Spiritual Equality. He stated that every being is entitled to Spiritual wisdom and prognosis of the highest type.

At Aparnaa World School, the best boarding school of western Odisha, located in Jharsuguda, we pay tribute to Swami Vivekananda, marking the 126th anniversary of the historic day when he delivered his speech in Chicago.

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