Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth Sikh Guru. Also he was also a spiritual master, warrior, poet & philosopher. He is known for the battles led by him against the Mughals. He is also known to lead the Sikh Community as their 10th leader.
Guru Gobind Singh was the only son of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh guru. He was born in Patna on 22 December 1666. Also, his birth name was Gobind Rai. When Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed by Aurangzeb for refusing to convert to Islam, Gobind Rai became the tenth leader of Sikhs.
After becoming the 10th leader, he got educated in literature, horse riding & archery. The life example and leadership of Guru Gobind Singh have been of historical importance to the Sikhs. Also, he institutionalized the Khalsa, who played the key role in protecting the Sikhs long after his death, such as during the nine invasions of Punjab and holy war led by Ahmad Shah Abdali from Afghanistan between 1747 and 1769.
Founder of Khalsa
Guru Gobind Singh initiated the Five K’s tradition of the Khalsa,
Kesh: uncut hair.
Kangha: a wooden comb.
Kara: an iron or steel bracelet worn on the wrist.
Kirpan: a sword or dagger.
Kacchera: short breeches.
He also announced a code of discipline for Khalsa warriors. Tobacco, eating ‘halal’ meat, fornication and adultery were forbidden.